Radiofrequency ablation compared with laparoscopic adrenalectomy for aldosterone-producing adenoma.
Br J Surg. 2016 Oct;103(11):1476-86
Authors: Liu SY, Chu CM, Kong AP, Wong SK, Chiu PW, Chow FC, Ng EK
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an emerging treatment for primary aldosteronism owing to aldosterone-producing adenoma. Whether RFA could be an alternative treatment to laparoscopic adrenalectomy is unknown.
METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative study in patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma undergoing either laparoscopic adrenalectomy or CT-guided percutaneous RFA between 2004 and 2012. Short-term outcomes and long-term resolution rates of primary aldosteronism (normalized aldosterone to renin ratio), hypokalaemia and hypertension (BP lower than 140/90 mmHg without antihypertensive medical therapy) were evaluated.
RESULTS: Some 63 patients were included, 27 in the laparoscopic adrenalectomy group and 36 in the RFA group. RFA was associated with shorter duration of operation (median 12 versus 124 min; P < 0·001), shorter hospital stay (2 versus 4 days; P < 0·001), lower analgesic requirements (13 of 36 versus 23 of 27 patients; P < 0·001) and earlier resumption of work (median 4 versus 14 days; P = 0·006). Morbidity rates were similar in the two groups. With median follow-up of 5·7 (range 1·9-10·6) years, resolution of primary aldosteronism was seen in 33 of 36 patients treated with RFA and all 27 patients who had laparoscopic adrenalectomy (P = 0·180). Hypertension was resolved less frequently after treatment with RFA compared with laparoscopic adrenalectomy (13 of 36 versus 19 of 27 patients; P = 0·007). Hypokalaemia was resolved in all patients.
CONCLUSION: For patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma the efficacy of resolution of primary aldosteronism and hypertension was inferior after treatment with RFA compared with laparoscopic adrenalectomy.
PMID: 27511444 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]