New insights and future perspectives in the therapeutic strategy of adrenocortical carcinoma (Review).
Oncol Rep. 2017 Mar;37(3):1301-1311
Authors: Stigliano A, Cerquetti L, Lardo P, Petrangeli E, Toscano V
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare endocrine malignancy with an incidence ranging from 0.7 to 2.0 cases/million people per year. Hypercortisolism represents the most common clinical presentation in many patients although, less frequently, some ACC secreting androgens and estrogens are even more pathognomonic compared to cortisol secretion. Currently, radical surgery, when feasible, is still the only curative therapy. Mitotane, an adrenolytic drug, is used in the adjuvant setting and in combination with chemotherapy drugs in metastatic disease. The use of radiotherapy remains controversial, being indicated only in selected cases. New targeted therapies, such as insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), mammalian-target of rapamycin (m-TOR), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors and others, have recently been investigated with disappointing clinical results. The partial effectiveness of current treatments mandates the need for new therapeutic strategies against this tumor.
PMID: 28184938 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]