Primary adrenal leiomyosarcoma with lymph node metastasis: a case report.
World J Surg Oncol. 2016 Jul 02;14(1):176
Authors: Onishi T, Yanagihara Y, Kikugawa T, Miura N, Noda T, Kakuda T, Kitazawa R, Tanji N
BACKGROUND: Leiomyosarcomas typically originate in smooth muscle cell. Leiomyosarcoma potentially arising from the adrenal gland is an extremely rare mesenchymal tumors associated with delayed diagnosis and poor prognosis.
CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old man visited our department complaining of right hypochondriac pain. Computed tomography demonstrated a solid mass measuring 5.2 cm in diameter above the right kidney, corresponding to the right adrenal gland, and a lymph node mass, which appeared to have invaded the IVC wall. Right adrenalectomy and lymphadenectomy were performed. A microscopic examination revealed primary adrenal leiomyosarcoma with lymph node metastasis. No adjuvant therapy was performed, and the patient remains recurrence-free at 10 months postoperatively.
CONCLUSIONS: We experienced a very rare case of primary adrenal leiomyosarcoma. Aggressive surgical resection including vascular reconstruction may be associated with improved survival.
PMID: 27368929 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]