A Phase II study of Dovitinib in Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma.
Clin Cancer Res. 2017 Apr 04;:
Authors: Dillon PM, Petroni GR, Horton BJ, Moskaluk CA, Fracasso PM, Douvas MG, Varhegyi N, Zaja-Milatovic S, Thomas CY
Purpose: Genetic and preclinical studies have implicated fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) signaling in the pathogenesis of adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). Dovitinib, a suppressor FGFR activity, may be active in ACC. <p>Methods: In a two-stage phase II study, 35 patients with progressive ACC were treated with dovitinib 500mg orally for 5 of 7 days continuously. The primary endpoints were objective response rate (ORR) and change in tumor growth rate (TGR). Progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), metabolic response, biomarker and QOL were secondary endpoints.</p> <p>Results: Of thirty-four evaluable patients, two (6%) had a partial response and 22 (65%) had stable disease >4 months. Median PFS was 8.2 months and OS was 20.6 months. The slope of the overall TGR fell from 1.95 to 0.63 on-treatment (p<0.001). Toxicity was moderate; 63% of patients developed grade 3-4 toxicity, 94% required dose modifications, and 21% stopped treatment early. An early metabolic response based on (18)FDG-PET scans was seen in 3/15 patients but did not correlate with RECIST response. MYB gene translocation was observed and significantly correlated with over-expression of MYB but did not correlate with FGFR1 phosphorylation or clinical response to dovitinib.</p> <p>Conclusion: Dovitinib produced few objective responses in patients with ACC but did suppress the TGR with a PFS that compares favorably to those reported with other targeted agents. Future studies of more potent and selective FGFR inhibitors in biomarker-selected patients will be required to determine if FGFR signaling is a valid therapeutic target in ACC.
PMID: 28377480 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]